Preamble

Following the advent of the National Socialist regime in the year 1938, more than 2,700 mostly Jewish affiliates of the University of Vienna were dismissed and subsequently driven away and/or murdered - lecturers, students and administration employees. Furthermore, over 200 people were stripped of their academic titles.
In 2008, 70 years after the so-called "Anschluss" [annexation] and the pogroms of what came to be cynically called the "Kristallnacht" [Crystal Night], the University of Vienna commemorates this injustice and  ...

Ludwig Paneth

  • Born: 02-14-1886
  • Faculty: Faculty of Medicine
  • Category: deprivation of academic degree

Ludwig PANETH (born on February 14th, 1886 in Vienna/Austria as the son of MD Josef (1857-1890, physician, histologist) and Sophie Paneth (nee Schwab), studied medicine at the universities of Vienna and Munich/Germany and completed spring term at the University of Zurich/Switzerland [matriculation no. 18828]. His mother lived together with her brother Dr. Albert Schwab, who also was Ludwig Paneth's legal guardian, in Vienna 8th district, Landesgerichtsstrasse 15.

Paneth graduated at the Medical School of the University of Vienna  on March 31st, 1911 with the academic degree 'Dr. med.'. He became a neurologist and psychoanalyst and lived in Berlin.

In March 1929 he held a speech at the Society of free psychoanalytic research ("Gesellschaft fuer freie psychoanalytische Forschung") in Berlin, which Kurt Tucholsky discussed in the newspaper "Die Weltbuehne":
"Der Nervenarzt Ludwig Paneth hat in der 'Gesellschaft für freie psychoanalytische Forschung' zu Berlin im März dieses Jahres einen Vortrag über 'Das Problem der Psychosynthese bei Jung' gehalten, ein Meisterstück leuchtender Klarheit, sauber in der Diktion, voller Überlegenheit und Demut, die Wahrheit zu suchen – die Leser des Vortrages, der in einem Sonderabdruck der Deutschen Medizinischen Wochenschrift (Nummer 18; Verlag Georg Thieme, Leipzig) erschienen ist, werden sich dran delektieren. Eine höchst bemerkenswerte Schrift." [TUCHOLSKY 1929]

After National-Socialism came to power he was able to emigrate to Switzerland.
In times of Nazism he was expatriated and also deprived of his academic degree on November 17th, 1942 with the racist argument, that he as a Jew was not considered dignified an academic degree of a German university ('eines akademischen Grades einer deutschen Hochschule unwürdig').  
It took 66 years since the deprivation – and a very long time since the end of Nazism – until the regranting of the doctorate took finally place pothumously in 2008.

He published many books about nervous deseases and psychiatric dysfunctions, e.g. "Gesunde und kranke Nerven" (1930), "Seelen ohne Kompaß" (1934), "Der Nervöse und seine Welt: Eine Einleitung in die moderne Psychotherapie (1944) and "Zahlensymbolik im Unbewusstsein“ (1952).


Lit.:
Archive of the University of Vienna, Rcktorate GZ 118 ex 1937/38; POSCH 2009, 275, 459; Renate HEUER, Bibliographia Judaica. Verzeichnis jüdischer Autoren deutscher Sprache, vol. 2, München 1984, 148; matriculation editon of the University of Zurich; Kurt TUCHOLSKY, Die Herren Wahrnehmer, in: Die Weltbühne 43 (22.10.1929), 623BLUMESBERGER 2002, 1011.


Katharina Kniefacz and Herbert Posch


Dokumente

Graduationprotocol MED 1904-1912, Nr. 1259 from March 31, 1911: Dr. Ludwig Paneth, © Archive University of Vienna, Photo: H. PoschGraduationprotocol MED 1904-1912, N...
Reichsinnenministerium Berlin via Reichserziehungsministerium calls on rector of the University of Vienna on May 20./29, 1941 to deposess the doctoral degree of Ludwig Paneth, page 1, © Archive University of Vienna, Photo: H. PoschReichsinnenministerium Berlin via R...
Reichsinnenministerium Berlin via Reichserziehungsministerium calls on rector of the University of Vienna on May 20./29, 1941 to deposess the doctoral degree of Ludwig Paneth, page 2, © Archive University of Vienna, Photo: H. PoschReichsinnenministerium Berlin via R...
Information about expatriation of Ludwig Paneth, announced in 230th list of expatriation Nr. 120 (Reichsinnenministerium Berlin to Reichserziehungsministerium Berlin (REM) on July 14, 1941, REM calls on rector  of University of Vienna on July 21, 1941 to deposes the doctoral degree, page 1, © Archive University of Vienna, Photo: H. PoschInformation about expatriation of L...
Information about expatriation of Ludwig Paneth, announced in 230th list of expatriation Nr. 120 (Reichsinnenministerium Berlin to Reichserziehungsministerium Berlin (REM) on July 14, 1941, REM calls on rector  of University of Vienna on July 21, 1941 to deposess the doctoral degree, page 2, © Archive University of Vienna, Photo: H. PoschInformation about expatriation of L...
Resolution of degraduation of Ludwig Paneth, rector of the University of Vienna on May 20, 1942, © Archive University of Vienna, Photo: H. PoschResolution of degraduation of Ludwi...
Public announcment of degraduation of Ludwig Paneth, Deutscher Reichsanzeiger und Preussischer Staatsanzeiger, November 27, 1942, Nr. 279, © Archive of the University od Vienna, Photo: H. PoschPublic announcment of degraduation ...



zuletzt aktualisiert am 15.09.2020

Do you have questions or comments to this person?

Send Feedback: