Following the advent of the National Socialist regime in the year 1938, more than 2,700 mostly Jewish affiliates of the University of Vienna were dismissed and subsequently driven away and/or murdered - lecturers, students and administration employees. Furthermore, over 200 people were stripped of their academic titles.
In 2008, 70 years after the so-called "Anschluss" [annexation] and the pogroms of what came to be cynically called the "Kristallnacht" [Crystal Night], the University of Vienna commemorates this injustice and  ...


Richard Lederer

  • Born: 06-11-1885
  • Faculty: Faculty of Medicine
  • Category: expelled teacher

Richard LEDERER (born on June 11th, 1885 in Karlsbad [Karlovy Vary, Czech Republic]) son of Gustav (1884-1917) and Rosa (née Mayer, 1861-1940) Lederer was lecturer ('Privatdozent') for pediatrics at the Medical School of the University of Vienna since 1923.
He was persecuted in times of Nazism as a Jew lost his position and was thrown out of the university on April 22nd, 1938.

He had graduated from Vienna University on November 28, 1908 (converted from mosaic to roman-catholic faith before graduation), habilitated in 1923 and became lecturer for pediatrics ("Privatdozenten für Kinderheilkunde"). He worked as an assistant at the child-clinic in Strasbourg/France and at the emperor Franz Joseph Hospital in Vienna and was head of the child-ambulatory IX of the Vienna district health insurance fund ("Bezirkskrankenkasse") and had a practice in Viennas' 9th district, Alser Straße 18, near the general hospital. He published many scientific books and articles like "Pediatrics" (Berlin 1924) or “The Nutrition of Infants by the Breast” (Vienna 1926), and at least the article "A new form of acute haemolytic anaemia, 'Baghdad spring anaemia'" (Baghdad 1941).

Richard Lederer had married Elsa Schornstein, MD, on May 6, 1914 in a civil marriage unaffiliated with any religion (born April 21, 1881 in Neusandez, Galicia, Austro-Hungaria [Nowy Sącz/Poland], died 1965 in England), who graduated in medicine at the University of Cracow in 1910 and they had a daughter, Maria.

He emigrated to Baghdad in Iraq in 1938. His daughter Maria (later married Hull) and his wife Dr. Elsa Lederer (died 1965) fled to England in 1939 and later lived in Watchfield Court, Sutton Court Road, London W4.
According to his daughter Maria Hull (née Lederer), Richard Lederer had moved to Baghdad as he was appointed private pediatrician to the son and heir of the haschemitic king of Iraq Ghazi I (died 1939), Faisal, who became king Faisal II in the age of 4 years in 1939 (murdererd in 1958). Richard Lederer became a professor at the Childrens' Hospital, Royal College of Medicine, Baghdad, Iraq.
After finding a new form of acute haemolytic anaemia and suggesting the name "Baghdad spring anaemia" he contracted an incurable skin disease and died in 1941.

Lit.: MERINSKY 1980, 134-135; UB MedUni Wien/van Swieten Blog; AJR Journal 2011, May, August and September; STAUDACHER 2009, 357; KAGAN 1952; I. FISCHER 1932/33/II; BLUMESBERGER 2002, 802.

Herbert Posch


Richard Lederer, in: Kosic, 1935, p. 221Richard Lederer, in: Kosic, 1935, p...
Richard Lederer to the Medical School on April 2, 1938, (c) Archive of the University of Vienna, photo: Herbert PoschRichard Lederer to the Medical Scho...

zuletzt aktualisiert am 15.01.2018

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