Following the advent of the National Socialist regime in the year 1938, more than 2,700 mostly Jewish affiliates of the University of Vienna were dismissed and subsequently driven away and/or murdered - lecturers, students and administration employees. Furthermore, over 200 people were stripped of their academic titles.
In 2008, 70 years after the so-called "Anschluss" [annexation] and the pogroms of what came to be cynically called the "Kristallnacht" [Crystal Night], the University of Vienna commemorates this injustice and  ...


Rudolf Hittmair

  • Born: 05-30-1889
  • Faculty: Faculty of Philosophy
  • Category: expelled teacher

Rudolf HITTMAIR (born on May 30th, 1889 in Vienna, died on November 22nd, 1940 in Innsbruck) was full professor for English Philology at the Philosophical School of the University of Vienna.

He was persecuted in times of Nazism because of his political orientation, lost his position and was thrown out of the university in August 1938.


detailled biography only in >>> German - to be translated soon


Lit.: MÜHLBERGER 1993, 42; Federal Archives Berlin/R4901/13193; Austrian State Archive/AdR, BKA, BBV; Austrian State Archive/AVA, PA Hittmair; Archive of the University of Vienna/PH PA 1999; HUBER 2016EMÖDI/TEICHL 1937; Wilhelm Kosch, Das katholische Deutschland. Augsburg 1937; Österreichisches biographisches Lexikon 1815-1950. Band 2. Wien 1959; Ramon Pils, „Ein Gelehrter ist kein Politiker.“ Die Professoren der Wiener Anglistik im Kontext des Nationalsozialismus, in: ders./Mitchell G. Ash/Wolfram Nieß (Hg.), Geisteswissenschaften im Nationalsozialismus. Das Beispiel der Universität Wien 1938-1945. Göttingen 2010, 455-485; O. A., Hittmair, Rudolf (1889-1940), in: Frank-Rutger Hausmann, Anglistik und Amerikanistik im "Dritten Reich". Frankfurt am Main 2003, 467-468.

Herbert Posch



zuletzt aktualisiert am 12.02.2019

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