Following the advent of the National Socialist regime in the year 1938, more than 2,700 mostly Jewish affiliates of the University of Vienna were dismissed and subsequently driven away and/or murdered - lecturers, students and administration employees. Furthermore, over 200 people were stripped of their academic titles.
In 2008, 70 years after the so-called "Anschluss" [annexation] and the pogroms of what came to be cynically called the "Kristallnacht" [Crystal Night], the University of Vienna commemorates this injustice and  ...

Penina Gottfried

  • Born: 08-15-1897
  • Faculty: Faculty of Philosophy
  • Category: expelled student

Penina GOTTFRIED, born on August 15th, 1897 in Buczacz/Poland wasn't enrolled at the Philosophical School any more in 1938, but was preparing for the final exams ('Rigorosen'). She registered for the final exams in History on July 23rd, 1937 and passed the first 'Rigorosum' on December 15th, 1937. Her dissertation 'Die letzten Regierungsjahre Maria Theresias. Konflikte zwischen der Kaiserin Maria Theresia und dem Kaiser Joseph II. in den letzten Jahren der Mitregentschaft' was accepted on September 27th, 1937, and she also passed the second 'Rigorosum' on July 1st, 1938. She could finally finish her studies and graduated on October 31st, 1938, but only with the discriminating ceremony of a 'Nichtarierpromotion', which included at the same time that she was banned from her profession.

Lit.: Archive of the University of Vienna/enrollment forms ("Nationale") PHIL 1937-1938, final examination file and registry ("Rigorosenakt und -protokoll") PHIL 13707, graduation registry ("Promotionsprotokoll") PHIL 1931-19142 Nr. 2864; POSCH 2009, 367; DOeW|Documentation Centre of Austrian Resistance, database Austrian Victims of the Holocaust; DOeW|Documentation Centre of Austrian Resistance, database Austrian Victims of the Holocaust; Yad Vashem Central Database of Shoah Victims' Names.

Herbert Posch


Penina Gottfried, 'Nichtarierpromotion' on October 31st, 1938, 2864 'Promotionsprotokoll' Philosophical School 1931-1941, Photo: Herbert Posch, (c) Archiv Universität WienPenina Gottfried, 'Nichtarierpromot...

zuletzt aktualisiert am 24.06.2020

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