Following the advent of the National Socialist regime in the year 1938, more than 2,700 mostly Jewish affiliates of the University of Vienna were dismissed and subsequently driven away and/or murdered - lecturers, students and administration employees. Furthermore, over 200 people were stripped of their academic titles.
In 2008, 70 years after the so-called "Anschluss" [annexation] and the pogroms of what came to be cynically called the "Kristallnacht" [Crystal Night], the University of Vienna commemorates this injustice and  ...

Paula Eugenie Gross (geb. Hirsch)

  • Born: 02-02-1909
  • Faculty: Faculty of Philosophy
  • Category: expelled student

Paula Eugenie GROSS (nee HIRSCH), born on February 2nd, 1909 in Vienna as daughter of Abraham Leib Hirsch and his wife Rosa (née Kowalek), wasn't enrolled at the Philosophical School any more in 1938, but was preparing for the final examinations ('Rigorosen'). She registered for the final exams in History on June 15th, 1936, and passed the first 'Rigorosum' on February 27th, 1937. Her dissertation "Henry VIII. and Charles V. since the fall of cardinal Wolsey 1529" ("Heinrich VIII. und Karl V. seit dem Sturze des Kardinals Wolsey 1529") was accepted on June 20th, 1936, and she also passed the second 'Rigorosum' on July 7th, 1938. She could finally finish her studies and graduated on July 21st, 1938, but only with the discriminating ceremony of a 'Nichtarierpromotion', which included at the same time that she was banned from her profession.

She married the physician Dr. Alois Gross in Vienna on October 11th, 1936 (born 1907 in Vienna, entitled residency for St. Poelten/Lower Austria) and they lived in Viennas' 9th district in Rossauer Laende 19, later Meynardgasse 7 (before emigration finally in Spitellauer Laende 13).

In June 1939 they succeeded to emigrate to England/UK, but got no working permission, so they emigrated to the USA in June 1941. Paula Gross had planned to become a historian, a high school history teacher, but could never start in her profession in the USA (in the 1960s she made an application at the Austrian "Fonds zur Hilfeleistung an politisch Verfolgte, die ihren Wohnsitz und ständigen Aufenthalt im Ausland haben" (Hilfsfonds) for compensation for the loss in her education and was granted a compensation in 1965). She was naturalized and became a US-citizen. She lived in Brooklyn, New York/NY USA.

Paula Gross deceased, aged nearly 90, on October 28th, 1998 in the USA.

Lit: Archive of the University of Vienna/Enrollment forms ("Nationale") PHIL 1937-1938, PHIL Rigorosen file 13160, PHIL graduation protocol 1931-1941, Nr. 2828; rectorate GZ 97 ex 1936/37, PHIL GZ 472 ex 1936/37; Austrian State Archive ÖStA / AdR / 06-Finances/Hilfsfonds; information from Dr. Barbara Sauer, Vienna 06/2018; REITER-ZATLOUKAL/SAUER 2022.

Herbert Posch


Paula Eugenie Gross (geb. Hirsch), 'Nichtarierpromotion' on July 21st, 1938, 2828 'Promotionsprotokoll' Philosophical School 1931-1941, Photo: Herbert Posch, (c) Archiv Universität WienPaula Eugenie Gross (geb. Hirsch), ...
Copy of the graduation diploma of Paula Eugenie Gross from July 21st, 1938Copy of the graduation diploma of P...

zuletzt aktualisiert am 17.11.2021

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