Following the advent of the National Socialist regime in the year 1938, more than 2,700 mostly Jewish affiliates of the University of Vienna were dismissed and subsequently driven away and/or murdered - lecturers, students and administration employees. Furthermore, over 200 people were stripped of their academic titles.
In 2008, 70 years after the so-called "Anschluss" [annexation] and the pogroms of what came to be cynically called the "Kristallnacht" [Crystal Night], the University of Vienna commemorates this injustice and  ...


Stefan Zweig

  • Born: 11-28-1881
  • Faculty: Faculty of Philosophy
  • Category: deprivation of academic degree

Stefan ZWEIG, born on 28 November, 1881 in Vienna, deceased on February 22, 1942 in Petropolis, Brazil, is awarded his Ph. D. in Philosophy at the Faculty of Philosophy of the University of Vienna on July 19, 1904 (doctoral thesis:"The Philosophy of Hippolyte Taine").

Stefan Zweig was a writer, a playwright, a lyricist, an essayist, a translator and a biographer. After graduating from grammar school in Vienna in 1900, he studied philosophy and German and Romance philology in Vienna and Berlin. He successfully defended his doctoral dissertation on "The Philosophy of Hippolyte Taine". During World War I he worked at Vienna’s War Press Centre. Subsequently, as a staunch pacifist, he left Vienna in 1917 for a temporary sojourn in Switzerland. From 1919 onwards he lived in Salzburg, mostly. He moved to London in 1934 and was granted British citizenship in 1940. He spended time in New York during the same year and moved to Petropolis, Brazil in 1941. Zweig put an end to his life in February, 1942 in Petropolis. His autobiography "The World of Yesterday" [Germ. orig. "Die Welt von Gestern"] was published in 1944.

On 8 May, 1941 he is divested of his academic title on racial grounds, because under national-socialist rules he, as a Jew, is deemed "unworthy of an academic title awarded by a German university".

Not until 10 April, 2003, 62 years after he had been divested of it and a very long time after the end of National Socialism, was his Ph. D. officially reinstated, or the divestiture posthumously declared "null and void to begin with".

Lit.: ZWEIG 1942, KERSCHBAUMER 2003, POSCH/STADLER 2005; SILVERMAN 2012, 273n93; Artur Larcati, Klemens Renoldner u. Wörgötter, Martina (Hg.), Zweig. Ein Handbuch, Berlin, Boston 2018.

Herbert Posch


Stefan Zweig, graduation and deprivation of the doctorate, 'Promotionsprotokoll' Philosophical School 1881-1905, Photo: Herbert Posch, (c) Archiv Universität WienStefan Zweig, graduation and depriv...
Stefan Zweig, regranting of the doctorate on April 10th, 2003, 'Promotionsprotokoll' Philosophical School 1881-1905, Photo: Herbert Posch, (c) Archiv Universität WienStefan Zweig, regranting of the doc...
Stefan ZweigStefan Zweig...

zuletzt aktualisiert am 25.02.2019

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