Preamble

Following the advent of the National Socialist regime in the year 1938, more than 2,700 mostly Jewish affiliates of the University of Vienna were dismissed and subsequently driven away and/or murdered - lecturers, students and administration employees. Furthermore, over 200 people were stripped of their academic titles.
In 2008, 70 years after the so-called "Anschluss" [annexation] and the pogroms of what came to be cynically called the "Kristallnacht" [Crystal Night], the University of Vienna commemorates this injustice and  ...

Max Berliner

  • Born: 09-24-1883
  • Faculty: Faculty of Medicine
  • Category: deprivation of academic degree

Max BERLINER (born on September 24th, 1883 in Sereth, Bukowina/Austro-Hungarian Empire [Siret/Romania]), was the son of Adolf Berliner (retired clerk), graduated from secondary school in 1904 (Staatsgymnasium in Czernowitz, Bukowina/Austro-Hungarian Empire [Чернівці Tscherniwzi, Ukraine]) and started his medical studies in 1904 at the University of Vienna (he was granted a scholarship of the Johann von Seyfert'sche Stiftung and of the Medical Faculty). He was a member of the Jewish-academic fraternity "Unitas" Wien.

Max Berliner had graduated at the Medical School of the University of Vienna on February 9th, 1910 with the academic degree 'Dr. med.'. He specialized in internal medicine. He gained the title “Medizinalrat” and became chief physician at the sanatorium in Purkersdorf near Vienna and was a member of the Vienna Chamber of physicians.

In times of Nazism he was perpetrated for racist reason and had to flee from Vienna in 1938. He succeeded to emigrate to Asthead, Surrey (Great Britain), together with his wife Gertrude (nee Wendriner, former administrator of the Sanatorium Purkersdorf) and their son Walter. He became the medical director of all hostels in England, established by the Bloomsbury House (a Jewish organization that helped Jewish refugees).

In Austria under Nazi rule he was deprived of his academic degree on May 8th, 1941 with the racist argument, that he as a Jew was not considered dignified an academic degree of a German university ("eines akademischen Grades einer deutschen Hochschule unwuerdig").

It took 62 years since the deprivation - and a very long time since the end of Nazism - until the regranting of the doctorate took finally place on April 10th, 2003 posthumously in a solemn ceremony.

Max Berliner died on March 29th, 1947 in Leatherland, Surrey (England). In Austria in 1965 – not knowing about his emigration to England and his death in 1947 – the state started a procedure of declaration of death ("Toterklärungsverfahren"), thinking that he became a victim of Holocaust. So in 1966 he was officially declared "dead" with the date December 31st, 1943. This date is sometimes to be found in literature and documentations and also in the memory project "Remembering for the Future", which created a memorial stone at Mariahilfer Straße 47 to honor 24 deported and murdered people from Mariahilf district in Vienna including Max Berliner. 


Lit.: POSCH/STADLER 2005; POSCH 2009, 393; Lillian BERLINER, And the Month Was May. A Memoir, iUniversity:Bloomington/IN 2009; information from Dr. Barbara Sauer, Vienna 2015, Regina Thumser-Wöhs 2016 und Carol Berlin 2017; REITER-ZATLOUKAL/SAUER 2020.

Herbert Posch

 


Dokumente

Max Berliner, graduation and deprivation of the doctorate, 'Promotionsprotokoll' Medical School 1904-1912, Photo: Herbert Posch, (c) Archiv Universität WienMax Berliner, graduation and depriv...
Max BerlinerMax Berliner...
Max BerlinerMax Berliner...
Max Berliner, regranting of the doctorate on April 10th, 2003, 'Promotionsprotokoll' Medical School 1904-1912, Photo: Herbert Posch, (c) Archiv Universität WienMax Berliner, regranting of the doc...
Sanatorium Huetteldorf-Hacking, Chefarzt: Max BerlinerSanatorium Huetteldorf-Hacking, Che...
Waldsantorium Perchtoldsdorf, 1930, chief physician: Dr. Max Berliner, postcard, © Archive Marktgemeinde PerchtoldsdorfWaldsantorium Perchtoldsdorf, 1930,...
Sanatorium Purkersdorf, Chefarzt: Max BerlinerSanatorium Purkersdorf, Chefarzt: M...
Max Berliner UnitasMax Berliner Unitas...
Max Berliner TotenscheinMax Berliner Totenschein...



zuletzt aktualisiert am 22.06.2020

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