Following the advent of the National Socialist regime in the year 1938, more than 2,700 mostly Jewish affiliates of the University of Vienna were dismissed and subsequently driven away and/or murdered - lecturers, students and administration employees. Furthermore, over 200 people were stripped of their academic titles.
In 2008, 70 years after the so-called "Anschluss" [annexation] and the pogroms of what came to be cynically called the "Kristallnacht" [Crystal Night], the University of Vienna commemorates this injustice and  ...

Camillo Wiethe

  • Born: 05-24-1889
  • Faculty: Faculty of Medicine
  • Category: expelled teacher

Camillo WIETHE (born May 24, 1889 in Vienna, deceased July 10, 1949 in Vienna) was lecturer ('Dozent') for laryngo-, rhino- und otology at the Medical School of the University of Vienna.
After having graduated as a medical doctor from the Medical School of the University of Vienna in 1913, he served as a Front-Line Physician during World War I and later on as assistant doctor at the clinic for otorhinolaryngology (Hals-Nasen-Ohrenklinik) in Vienna. He was promoted to university lecturer in 1933 and worked between 1936 and 1938 as head of the department for otorhinolaryngology of the hospital of the Viennese merchants' community ('Wiener Kaufmannschaft').

In times of Nazism Camillo Wiethe was subjected to racial persecution as he did not get divorced from his wife Eugenie, who was categorized Jewish by the National Socialist regime. He lost his position (there are contradictory evidences that he was either deprived of his Venia legendi or rescinded voluntarily) and left the university in 1940. He worked in his own private practice located in the Reichsratsstraße until 1945.
As specialist for diseases of larynges of vocalists Wiethe also was engaged in an unpaid position as lecturer for physiology and psychology of the vocal organs at the Academy of music and performing arts in Vienna, which he could continue in 1938.

On November 25, 1945 Camillo Wiethe was awarded the title of extraordinary professor at the Medical School of the University of Vienna. Furthermore, in 1946 he received the position of an extraordinary professor at the University of Vienna and was appointed head of the II. university clinic for otorhinolaryngology in Vienna.
In 1955 a street in Vienna (20th district) was named after Wiethe.

Lit.: information from Ing. Elisabeth Streichsbier, Wien; UB MedUni Wien/van Swieten Blog

Katharina Kniefacz and Herbert Posch



zuletzt aktualisiert am 15.12.2018

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