Following the advent of the National Socialist regime in the year 1938, more than 2,700 mostly Jewish affiliates of the University of Vienna were dismissed and subsequently driven away and/or murdered - lecturers, students and administration employees. Furthermore, over 200 people were stripped of their academic titles.
In 2008, 70 years after the so-called "Anschluss" [annexation] and the pogroms of what came to be cynically called the "Kristallnacht" [Crystal Night], the University of Vienna commemorates this injustice and  ...

Richard Nikolaus Coudenhove-Kalergi

  • Born: 11-16-1894
  • Faculty: Faculty of Philosophy
  • Category: deprivation of academic degree

Richard Nikolaus (Count) COUDENHOVE-KALERGI (born on November 16th, 1894 as son of an Austrian diplomate in Tokyo, Japan , died on July 27th, 1972 in Schruns, Vorarlberg), had studied in Vienna and in Munich/Germany and graduated at the Philosophical School at the University of Vienna in Philosophy on June 28th, 1917 with the academic degree 'Dr. phil.' (dissertation: 'Objektivität als Grundprinzip der Moral').
In times of Nazism he was deprived of his academic degree on July 22nd, 1943 with the racist argument, that he as a Jew was not considered dignified an academic degree of a German university ('eines akademischen Grades einer deutschen Hochschule unwürdig').
It took 12 years since the deprivation - and a very long time since the end of Nazism - until the regranting of the doctorate took finally place on May 15th, 1955.

After the first world war he founded the Paneuropa-Movement (1926 first Pan-Europe-Congress in Vienna). He was EC-representative, journalist, writer and essayist (e.g. book and journal "Pan-Europa"). In 1938 he had to emigrate to Czechoslowvkia, Hungary, Jugoslavia, Switzerland to France, 1940 to the USA. He became a professor for european history at the University of New York. In 1950 he was the first one honoured with the 'International Karls-Price for  "Europaeische Verständigung" of the City of Aachen/Germany; 'Großkreuz des Bundesverdienstordens' of Germany, "Ehrenbürger" of the University of Frankfurt/Germany, Knight of the League of Honour of France. He died in 1972 in Austria.

Lit.: Richard COUDENHOVE-KALERGI, Ein Leben für Europa, 1968; AGSÖSiegfried KNITTEL, Als Europa nach Japan kam, in: Der Standard, 6./7.7.2015, 8WIKIPEDIA.



zuletzt aktualisiert am 15.07.2015

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