Preamble

Following the advent of the National Socialist regime in the year 1938, more than 2,700 mostly Jewish affiliates of the University of Vienna were dismissed and subsequently driven away and/or murdered - lecturers, students and administration employees. Furthermore, over 200 people were stripped of their academic titles.
In 2008, 70 years after the so-called "Anschluss" [annexation] and the pogroms of what came to be cynically called the "Kristallnacht" [Crystal Night], the University of Vienna commemorates this injustice and  ...

Richard Nikolaus Coudenhove-Kalergi

  • Born: 11-16-1894
  • Faculty: Faculty of Philosophy
  • Category: deprivation of academic degree

Richard Nikolaus (Count) COUDENHOVE-KALERGI (born on November 16th, 1894 as son of an Austrian diplomate in Tokyo, Japan , died on July 27th, 1972 in Schruns, Vorarlberg), had studied in Vienna and in Munich/Germany and graduated at the Philosophical School at the University of Vienna in Philosophy on June 28th, 1917 with the academic degree 'Dr. phil.' (dissertation: 'Objektivität als Grundprinzip der Moral').
In times of Nazism he was deprived of his academic degree on July 22nd, 1943 with the racist argument, that he as a Jew was not considered dignified an academic degree of a German university ('eines akademischen Grades einer deutschen Hochschule unwürdig').
It took 12 years since the deprivation - and a very long time since the end of Nazism - until the regranting of the doctorate took finally place on May 15th, 1955.

After the first world war he founded the Paneuropa-Movement (1926 first Pan-Europe-Congress in Vienna). He was EC-representative, journalist, writer and essayist (e.g. book and journal "Pan-Europa"). In 1938 he had to emigrate to Czechoslowvkia, Hungary, Jugoslavia, Switzerland to France, 1940 to the USA. He became a professor for european history at the University of New York. In 1950 he was the first one honoured with the 'International Karls-Price for  "Europaeische Verständigung" of the City of Aachen/Germany; 'Großkreuz des Bundesverdienstordens' of Germany, "Ehrenbürger" of the University of Frankfurt/Germany, Knight of the League of Honour of France. He died in 1972 in Austria.


Lit.: Richard COUDENHOVE-KALERGI, Ein Leben für Europa, 1968; AGSÖSiegfried KNITTEL, Als Europa nach Japan kam, in: Der Standard, 6./7.7.2015, 8WIKIPEDIA.


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zuletzt aktualisiert am 15.07.2015

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