Following the advent of the National Socialist regime in the year 1938, more than 2,700 mostly Jewish affiliates of the University of Vienna were dismissed and subsequently driven away and/or murdered - lecturers, students and administration employees. Furthermore, over 200 people were stripped of their academic titles.
In 2008, 70 years after the so-called "Anschluss" [annexation] and the pogroms of what came to be cynically called the "Kristallnacht" [Crystal Night], the University of Vienna commemorates this injustice and  ...


Max Sgalitzer

  • Born: 09-20-1884
  • Faculty: Faculty of Medicine
  • Category: expelled teacher

Max SGALITZER (born on September 20th, 1884 in Prague, died on November 16th, 1973 in Princeton/USA) had graduated at the Medical School of the German University of Prague in 1909 with the academic degree 'Dr. med.' and worked at the First surgical university hospital from 1910 on. After serving in the Austrian-Hungarian army and being arrested as a prisoner of war he returned to Vienna and became head of the radiology laboratory at the First surgical university hospital in 1919. From 1922 on Sgalitzer was lecturer ('Dozent') for Medizinische Radiologie at the Medical School of the University of Vienna. In 1931 he received the title of an extraordinary professor ('ao. Prof.').

He was persecuted in times of Nazism as a Jew lost his position and was thrown out of the university on April 22nd, 1938.His son worked as operating trainee at the First surgical university hospital, his older daughter Gerda Sgalitzer who studied medicine at the University of Vienna, could finally finish her studies and graduated on July 21st, 1938, but only with the discriminating ceremony of a 'Nichtarierpromotion', his younger daughter Elisabeth Sgalitzer, who studied art history at the Philosophical School of the University of Vienna, was expelled in the second year of her studies and his nephew Kurt Sgalitzer in the 5th and last year of his medical studies.

Max Sgalitzer emigrated to Turkey in September 1938, where he became head of the radiological department of the University of Istanbul. In 1943 he emigrated further on to the USA and worked as a lecturer at the University of Colorado, Denver.

Max Sgalitzer died on November 16th, 1973 in Princeton/USA.

Lit.: ARIAS, Max Sgalitzer in: ARIAS 2008MERINSKY 1980, 221-222; MÜHLBERGER 1993, 32; NAMAL 2003UB MedUni Wien/van Swieten Blog


Katharina Kniefacz


Max Sgalitzer, declaration of not taking the oath on Adolf Hitler, March 22, 1938, (c) Archive of the University of ViennaMax Sgalitzer, declaration of not t...

zuletzt aktualisiert am 04.07.2019

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