Preamble

Following the advent of the National Socialist regime in the year 1938, more than 2,700 mostly Jewish affiliates of the University of Vienna were dismissed and subsequently driven away and/or murdered - lecturers, students and administration employees. Furthermore, over 200 people were stripped of their academic titles.
In 2008, 70 years after the so-called "Anschluss" [annexation] and the pogroms of what came to be cynically called the "Kristallnacht" [Crystal Night], the University of Vienna commemorates this injustice and  ...

person

Elisabeth Sgalitzer (verh. Elizabeth S. Ettinghausen)

  • Born: 08-05-1918
  • Faculty: Faculty of Philosophy
  • Category: expelled student

Elisabeth SGALITZER (married: Elizabeth S. ETTINGHAUSEN), born on August 5th, 1918 in Vienna/Austria (entitled residency ('heimatberechtigt') for Vienna/Austria, Citizenship: Austria), daughter of Univ. Prof. Dr. Max Sgalitzer (physician, professor) and Helene Sgalitzer (nee Adler, born 1876), lived in Wien 9, Porzellangasse 37. She was enrolled from 1936 until finally in the spring term 1938 at the Philosophical School in the 2nd year of her studies and took courses in Art History and History (in the spring term 1938 she could continue her studies in the context of the Numerus clausus of Jewish Students until the end of the term). Her elder sister Gerda Sgalitzer, who studied medicine at the University of Vienna since fallterm 1932/33, could finally finish her studies and graduated on July 21st, 1938, but only with the discriminating ceremony of a 'Nichtarierpromotion' and her cousin Kurt Sgalitzer was forced to leave the University of Vienna in the 5th and last year of his medical studies.
In September 1938 the family fled via Prag to Istanbul/Turkey, where Elisabeth Sgalitzer finished her studies in Art History in 1943. In the same year she emigrated to the USA. She lived in Washington and worked at the Department of Byzantine art at Dumbarton Oaks. In 1945 she married the german art historian Richard Ettinghausen in 1945 (later professor at the New York University and head of the department of Islamic Art of the Metropolitan Museum). In 1967 the family moved to Princeton, where Elizabeth Ettinghausen became an independent scholar and lecturer on Islamic and Byzantine art and lives until today.

Invited by the Institute of Art History Elizabeth S. Ettinghausen visited Austria in the end of May 2009 and gave a lecture on Islamic Art as well as on her experiences at the University of Vienna in March 1938 on her experiences afterwards.
The exhibition "Ausgegrenzt, Vertrieben, Ermordet" (January 22nd - May 14th, 2010) at the Department of History of Art of the University of Vienna is dedicated to the memory of Elisabeth Sgalitzer and 20 other former students of the University of Vienna focused on art history.

Elisabeth Sgalitzer-Ettinghausen passed away on June 12, 2016 in Princeton.

Lit.: Exhibition "Ausgegrenzt, Vertrieben, Ermordet" 2010; Oral History Interview mit Elizabeth Sgalitzer Ettinghausen für Dumbarton Oaks, obituaobituary.

 

Katharina Kniefacz and Herbert Posch


Dokumente

Nationale of Elisabeth Sgalitzer, fall term 1937/38 (1st form front), Photo: H. Posch (c) Universitätsarchiv WienNationale of Elisabeth Sgalitzer, f...
Nationale of Elisabeth Sgalitzer, fall term 1937/38 (1st form back), Photo: H. Posch (c) Universitätsarchiv WienNationale of Elisabeth Sgalitzer, f...
Nationale of Elisabeth Sgalitzer, fall term 1937/38 (2nd form front), Photo: H. Posch (c) Universitätsarchiv WienNationale of Elisabeth Sgalitzer, f...
Nationale of Elisabeth Sgalitzer, fall term 1937/38 (2nd form back), Photo: H. Posch (c) Universitätsarchiv WienNationale of Elisabeth Sgalitzer, f...
Nationale of Elisabeth Sgalitzer, spring term 1938 (1st form front), Photo: H. Posch (c) Universitätsarchiv WienNationale of Elisabeth Sgalitzer, s...
Nationale of Elisabeth Sgalitzer, spring term 1938 (1st form back), Photo: H. Posch (c) Universitätsarchiv WienNationale of Elisabeth Sgalitzer, s...
Elisabeth Sgalitzer Ettinghausen 2009 at the Department of Art History of the University of Vienna (c) Department of Art History of the University of Vienna  [http://www.univie.ac.at/geschichtegesichtet/2010/images/2010/ettinghausen_sgalitza_3.jpg]Elisabeth Sgalitzer Ettinghausen 20...



zuletzt aktualisiert am 01.10.2018

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