Preamble

Following the advent of the National Socialist regime in the year 1938, more than 2,700 mostly Jewish affiliates of the University of Vienna were dismissed and subsequently driven away and/or murdered - lecturers, students and administration employees. Furthermore, over 200 people were stripped of their academic titles.
In 2008, 70 years after the so-called "Anschluss" [annexation] and the pogroms of what came to be cynically called the "Kristallnacht" [Crystal Night], the University of Vienna commemorates this injustice and  ...

person

Else Pollak (geschiedene Shaw, verh. Chandler)

  • Born: 06-25-1916
  • Faculty: Faculty of Philosophy
  • Category: expelled student

Else POLLAK (divorced SHAW, married CHANDLER), born on June 25th, 1916 in Vienna/Austria (entitled residency ('heimatberechtigt') for Vienna/Austria, Citizenship: Austria), daughter of Jakob Pollak (official of the Viennese Jewish Community) and Regine Pollak (nee Kohn), lived until 1938 in Wien 2, Große Sperlgasse 39a/14. She finished high school in 1936 ("Matura" at the Robert-Hamerling-Realgymnasium in Vienna's 8th district). She was enrolled finally in the fall term 1937/38 at the Philosophical School in the 1st year of her studies and took courses in English language and literature Studies and Psychology.

Else Pollak was able to emigrate to England as a nurse in September 1938. Her parents and her older sister Edith were deported from Vienna to Theresienstadt [Terezín/Czech Republic] in September 1942, where her parents died in 1943. Her sister was deported to Auschwitz [Oswiecim/Poland] in Oktober 1944, where she died. Her older brother Ferdinand Pollak was probably able to emigrate to Palestine.

In England Else Pollak worked as a nurse, first in Devon, then in other locations in England. She started to work at the Child Care Reserve in March 1944 and later was employed as a clerical assistant in the education officer’s department at the London County Council. After the end of the war she married an English man, Mr. Shaw. After they got divorced Else Pollak met Edmund Chandler, who was also working at the London County Council. They married and got a daughter, Esme, in 1955, whereupon she finished her job.
Else Chandler died on December 31st, 2008 in London.

Lit.: information of her daughter Esme Chandler 2010; other documents and photos in the  Collection of Women’s Estates/Sammlung Frauennachlässe at the Department of History of the University of Vienna (No. 179), and in the Collections of the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum in Washington; KNIEFACZ/POSCH 2017b.


Katharina Kniefacz and Herbert Posch


Dokumente

Else Pollak (c) Esme ChandlerElse Pollak (c) Esme Chandler...
Else Chandler with her daughter Esme (c) Esme ChandlerElse Chandler with her daughter Esm...
Else Chandler with her daughter Esme (c) Esme ChandlerElse Chandler with her daughter Esm...
Else Chandler (c) Esme ChandlerElse Chandler (c) Esme Chandler...
Nationale of Else Pollak, fall term 1937/38 (1st form front), Photo: H. Posch (c) Universitätsarchiv WienNationale of Else Pollak, fall term...
Nationale of Else Pollak, fall term 1937/38 (1st form back), Photo: H. Posch (c) Universitätsarchiv WienNationale of Else Pollak, fall term...
Else Pollak (married Chandler), "Meldungsbuch" (student identification) of the University of Vienna from October 1937, (c) USHMMElse Pollak (married Chandler), "Me...
Else Pollak (married Chandler), "Meldungsbuch" (student identification) of the University of Vienna from October 1937, (c) USHMMElse Pollak (married Chandler), "Me...
Else Pollak (married Chandler), "Meldungsbuch" (student identification) of the University of Vienna from October 1937, (c) USHMMElse Pollak (married Chandler), "Me...



zuletzt aktualisiert am 11.01.2017

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