Following the advent of the National Socialist regime in the year 1938, more than 2,700 mostly Jewish affiliates of the University of Vienna were dismissed and subsequently driven away and/or murdered - lecturers, students and administration employees. Furthermore, over 200 people were stripped of their academic titles.
In 2008, 70 years after the so-called "Anschluss" [annexation] and the pogroms of what came to be cynically called the "Kristallnacht" [Crystal Night], the University of Vienna commemorates this injustice and  ...


Hans Peter (Hanspeter) Schwarz

  • Born: 06-13-1913
  • Faculty: Faculty of Medicine
  • Category: expelled student, deprivation of academic degree

Hans Peter SCHWARZ, born on June 13th, 1913 in Vienna/Austria (entitled residency ('heimatberechtigt') for Vienna/Austria, Citizenship: Austria), son of Doz. Dr. Oswald Schwarz (university lecturer for urology), lived in Vienna's 8th. district, Alser Strasse 37, was enrolled finally in the fall term 1937/38 at the Medical School in the 5th and last year of his studies ('Absolutorium' was certified on July 18th, 1938). 
He was preparing for the final exams ('Rigorosen'). He could finally finish his studies and graduate on July 21st, 1938, but only with the discriminating ceremony of a 'Nichtarierpromotion', which included at the same time that he was banned from his profession. 

In times of Nazism he was deprived of his academic degree 'Dr. med.' on July 22nd, 1943 with the racist argument, that he as a Jew was not considered dignified an academic degree of a German university ('eines akademischen Grades einer deutschen Hochschule unwürdig').
It took 12 years since the deprivation - and a very long time since the end of Nazism - until the regranting of the doctorate took finally place on May 15th, 1955.

Hans Peter Schwarz left Vienna in 1938 after the Anschluss and went to London where his father Oswald Schwarz (and mother and brother) had lived since 1934.  He emigrated to the United States in 1939.

He practiced cardiology and internal medicine for more than 40 years in Norwich, Connecticut, where he was on the staff of the W.W. Backus Hospital and had a large/successful private practice which was still growing/vibrant when he died on September 12, 1985 of a heart attack.

He was a fellow of the American College of Cardiology and was active in the American Medical Association and other medical professional organizations.

Hans Peter Schwarz was a devout Catholic throughout his life in the United States. It is not known when he became a Catholic. He never returned to Vienna in his lifetime and rarely spoke of his life there, his time at the University, or how he left the country after the Anschluss.

He was married for 41 years to Mary Alice O’Connor, a native of Connecticut, and had five children and two grandchildren.

Lit.: information from his daughter Christine Schwarz Becker, USA, 2016

Herbert Posch


Nationale of Hans Peter Schwarz, fall term 1937/38 (1st form front), Photo: H. Posch (c) Universitätsarchiv WienNationale of Hans Peter Schwarz, fa...
Nationale of Hans Peter Schwarz, fall term 1937/38 (1st form back), Photo: H. Posch (c) Universitätsarchiv WienNationale of Hans Peter Schwarz, fa...
Johannes Peter Schwarz, 'Nichtarierpromotion' on July 21st 1938, 4116 'Promotionsprotokoll' Medical School 1929-1942, Photo: Herbert Posch, (c) Archiv Universität WienJohannes Peter Schwarz, 'Nichtarier...
Hanspeter Schwarz und Oswald Schwarz, decision for expatriation and depromotion, Photo: Herbert Posch, (c) Archive University ViennaHanspeter Schwarz und Oswald Schwar...

zuletzt aktualisiert am 20.06.2016

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