Preamble

Following the advent of the National Socialist regime in the year 1938, more than 2,700 mostly Jewish affiliates of the University of Vienna were dismissed and subsequently driven away and/or murdered - lecturers, students and administration employees. Furthermore, over 200 people were stripped of their academic titles.
In 2008, 70 years after the so-called "Anschluss" [annexation] and the pogroms of what came to be cynically called the "Kristallnacht" [Crystal Night], the University of Vienna commemorates this injustice and  ...

person

Elisabeth Heller (Bauer)

  • Born: 10-01-1914
  • Faculty: Faculty of Medicine
  • Category: expelled student

Elisabeth HELLER (later married BAUER), born on October 1st, 1914 in Vienna/Austria (entitled residency ('heimatberechtigt') for Vienna/Austria, Citizenship: Austria), daughter of Moritz Heller (merchant, 1876-1948) and Frieda Heller, née Feigenbaum (1880-1976), lived in Vienna's 19th district, Sieveringer Strasse 20.
After she had graduated from girl's high school ('Maedchenrealgymnasium') in Vienna 18th district in June 1934, she began to study medicine at the University of Vienna in fall term 1934/35. She was enrolled finally in the fall term 1937/38 at the Medical School in the 4th year of her studies (fall term 1937/38 was validated on February 14th, 1938).

In 1938, after the takeover of power of National-Socialism she was forced to quit her studies for racist reason and to leave the University of Vienna.

She had to flee from Vienna and completed a nursing course in order to improve her chances. In 1938 she was able to emigrate via Southampton/Great Britain to the then British Crown Colony of Kenya/East Africa. She was unable to continue her studies there, however, and began working as a nurse. On February 4th, 1939, she married her former fellow student Heinz Hochermann (Bauer) (1914-2003), a Viennese who was also forced to leave the University of Vienna and to emigrate from Austria to Kenya in 1938, too. On October 26th, 1940, their son John David Bauer was born, and on August 13th, 1944, their daughter Judith Ann Bauer (later married to Shemper, 1944-2008). Her husband Heinz Bauer worked as a farmer, later as butcher in a sausage manufactory in Nairobi.
They left Kenya with their two children in 1946. On May 20th, 1946, they departed from Mombasa/Kenya via Durban/South Africa, on the SS Marine Tiger to the United States where they arrived in New York City, NY, on June 8th, 1946. Alsoher parents - Moritz und Frieda Heller - could leave Austria in time and emigrated to London, England in 1939 and in 1943 via Liverpool, England/Great Britain to the USA where they lived with her sister Gertrude Heller, since 1938 married Fischbach (1917-2010), in New York City.

In the USA, Elizabeth Bauer was not able to resume her medical studies and became a research assistant and nursery school teacher. But her husband Heinz Bauer could resume his studies and received his M.D. in 1951. He became a pathologist and a professor at Emory University, ans in 1961 at Georgetown University, Washington, D.C., specializing in immunopathology, infectious diseases and rheumatology.

Elizabeth Bauer, née Heller, deceased on December 15th, 1992, aged 78, in Georgetown, D.C., District of Columbia, USA and is buried at King David Memorial Gardens in Fairfax County, Virginia/USA.


Lit.: Archive of the University of Vienna/enrollment forms ("Nationale") MED 1934-1938; POSCH/INGRISCH/DRESSEL 2008, 403; www.ancestry.de; USHMM: Heinz Bauer memoir (Accession Number: 1994.A.0026 | RG-02.083).


Herbert Posch

 


Dokumente

Nationale of Elisabeth Heller, fall term 1934/35 (1st form, front), Photo: Katharina Kniefacz (c) Vienna University ArchiveNationale of Elisabeth Heller, fall...
Nationale of Elisabeth Heller, fall term 1934/35 (1st form, back), Photo: Katharina Kniefacz (c) Vienna University ArchiveNationale of Elisabeth Heller, fall...
Nationale of Elisabeth Heller, fall term 1934/35 (2nd form, front), Photo: Katharina Kniefacz (c) Vienna University ArchiveNationale of Elisabeth Heller, fall...
Nationale of Elisabeth Heller, fall term 1934/35 (2nd form, back), Photo: Katharina Kniefacz (c) Vienna University ArchiveNationale of Elisabeth Heller, fall...
Nationale of Lisl Heller, fall term 1937/38 (1st form front), Photo: H. Posch (c) Universitätsarchiv WienNationale of Lisl Heller, fall term...
Nationale of Lisl Heller, fall term 1937/38 (1st form front), Photo: H. Posch (c) Universitätsarchiv WienNationale of Lisl Heller, fall term...



zuletzt aktualisiert am 08.04.2021

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