Following the advent of the National Socialist regime in the year 1938, more than 2,700 mostly Jewish affiliates of the University of Vienna were dismissed and subsequently driven away and/or murdered - lecturers, students and administration employees. Furthermore, over 200 people were stripped of their academic titles.
In 2008, 70 years after the so-called "Anschluss" [annexation] and the pogroms of what came to be cynically called the "Kristallnacht" [Crystal Night], the University of Vienna commemorates this injustice and  ...


Emilie Lederer (verh. Kulshreshtha)

  • Born: 7-6-1912
  • Faculty: Faculty of Medicine
  • Category: expelled student

Emilie LEDERER (married MENSCHER, remarried KULSHRESHTHA), born on July 6th, 1912 in Vienna/Austria (entitled residency ('heimatberechtigt') for Teutschen-Rust/Bohemia [Podbořanský Rohozec/Czech Republic, Citizenship: Czechoslovakia), daughter of Karl Otto Lederer (salesman), lived in Vienna's 2nd district, Schrottgiessergasse 1/Zirkusgasse 20, was enrolled finally in the spring term 1936 at the Medical School in the 5th and last year of her studies ('Absolutorium' was certified on September 9th, 1937) and since than she was in preparation of the final examinations.

After the so called "Anschluss" in March 1938 she was no more allowed to take the examinations and to get an academic degree and was forced to leave the university.

Emilie Lederer married around 1937 or 1938 and became Emilie Menscher. During her medical studies she learned to know Dr. Kedar Nath Kulshreshtha, a medical post-graduate doctor from British-India (Baroda [Vadodara]) who took courses at the Medical Faculty, organized by the Faculty in cooperation with the "American Medical Association in Vienna" (AMA). He came to Vienna about 1936/37 shortly after receiving his medical degree FRCS in Edinburgh in Scotland/Great Britain. He not only became a simple member of the AMA but Vice-president and chairman of the Executive Committee of the AMA around 1938. He was fascinated by psychoanalysis and was interested to get in contact with Sigmund Freud. He worked in the university clinics at the central hospital of Vienna (AKH) were the two of them met.

Kedra Nash Kulshreshtha helped Emilie Menscher, nee Lederer, that later became his wife to flee from Vienna after the "Anschluss" and to emigrate to Baroda [Vadodara]/British-India. He was personal physician of the Maharajah of Baroda and Kedra and Emmy Kulshreshtha together instituted their own mini National Health Care in the hospital they together established and ran. Emmy Kulshreshtha practised medicine for the poorest and brought the highest standards of medical care to them until her dying day, although she could never finish her medical studies.

She had three children: Dr. Maya Lederer (lawyer, USA, England, Sweden), Gita Kedar Voivodas Brenner (born 1942, psychologist, USA), and Arvind Kulshreshtha.

Lit.: information from her daughter Maya Lederer, Stockholm and Oxford 2016; from Prof. Franz X. Lackner, Vienna 2016; Dr. Margit Franz, Graz 2017; Archive of the University of Vienna/Medical School: Nationale from fall term 1931/32 to 1936/37; Josephinum, Collections and History of Medicine, Medical University of Vienna; Franz X. Lackner, Zur Geschichte der Wiener "American Medical Association/Society".

Herbert Posch


Nationale Emilie Lederer spring term 1936, front, © Archive University of Vienna, photo: Herbert PoschNationale Emilie Lederer spring ter...
Nationale Emilie Lederer spring term 1936, back, © Archive University of Vienna, photo: Herbert PoschNationale Emilie Lederer spring ter...
Emilie Lederer (3rd row from back, 3rd from the right) in the lecturehall of the pediatrics-clinic, end of the 1920ies, in the first row, 2nd from right side) head of clinc Prof. Clemen Pirquet, © Josephinum, collections and history of medicine, Medical University ViennaEmilie Lederer (3rd row from back, ...
Emmy Kulshreshtha (nee Lederer) with her husband Kedar Kulshreshtha and their children Gita, Maya and Arvind, Baroda/India, 1953, Photo: Nathan Hughes Hamilton, (c) cc by 2.0Emmy Kulshreshtha (nee Lederer) wit...
Kedar Kulshreshtha, husband of Emilie (nee Lederer) with their children Gita, Maya and Arvind, Baroda/India, 1953, Photo: Nathan Hughes Hamilton, (c) cc by 2.0Kedar Kulshreshtha, husband of Emil...

zuletzt aktualisiert am 20.09.2019

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