Preamble

Following the advent of the National Socialist regime in the year 1938, more than 2,700 mostly Jewish affiliates of the University of Vienna were dismissed and subsequently driven away and/or murdered - lecturers, students and administration employees. Furthermore, over 200 people were stripped of their academic titles.
In 2008, 70 years after the so-called "Anschluss" [annexation] and the pogroms of what came to be cynically called the "Kristallnacht" [Crystal Night], the University of Vienna commemorates this injustice and  ...

Martin Tyndel

  • Born: 01-22-1915
  • Faculty: Faculty of Philosophy
  • Category: expelled student

Martin TYNDEL, born on January 22nd, 1915, in Vienna/Austria (entitled residency ('heimatberechtigt') for Vienna, Citizenship: Austria), son of Dr. Samson Tyndel (1878-1942, lawyer) and Theodora Tauba Tyndel, née Zehngebot (1892-1942), lived in Vienna's 19th district, Billrothstrasse 55. From 1933/34, he had begun a master's degree in pharmacy and a doctorate in pharmacognosy at the School of Philosophy of the University of Vienna and was able to complete his master's degree in pharmacy on February 2nd, 1938 and graduated ("Mag.pharm."). He was last enrolled in the 5th and last year of his doctoral studies in pharmacognosy in the sprng term of 1938 and attended lectures in pharmacy, pharmacognosy, philosophy and linguistics.

After the takeover of power of National-Socialism ("Anschluss") in March 1938 he was forced to quit his studies for racist reason without a chance to graduate. He requested to continue his studies in the context of the 2% numerus clausus of Jewish Students, but was rejected and had to leave the University of Vienna immediately.

At the collapse of the Austro-Hungarian Empire, his parents had sold their property in Galicia (then becoming Poland) and moved their center of life to Vienna in 1918, where they invested in real estate in Vienna, Austria, and Berlin, Germany. Their father gave up his work as a lawyer in 1930 for health reasons and concentrated on real estate management. The family moved to Berlin (Uhlandstrasse 46) in 1931/1932. However, the children Martin (1933) and Felizia Tyndel (1934) returned to Vienna after high school graduation to study at the University of Vienna.

His younger sister Felizia Tyndel (Hohenberg, 1916-1997), who also studied at the School of Philosophy (English, German and Romance Studies and History), was also expelled from the University of Vienna in 1938 and fled from Vienna with her husband Dr. Erich Hohenberg to their parents in Berlin and emigrated from there to London, England/Great Britain in August 1938 where she later became an office worker.

The law office of her father Dr. Samson Tyndel (1878-1942), which he had opened in 1918 in Vienna's 1st district, Wipplingerstrasse 35, was finally closed after the "Anschluss". The parents and the youngest brother Erich Tyndel (1929-1942) could not leave Germany in time. After the expropriation, a nervous breakdown and blindness of the mother in one eye in 1940, the family was arrested on June 20th, 1940 and convicted and imprisoned for alleged foreign exchange offenses. Following their release, all three of them were deported from the Berlin-Moabit freight station to Raasiku (Estonia), near Reval, on September 26th, 1942, and shot there in early October 1942. In memory of the murdered parents and brother, Stolpersteine were laid in September 2013 in Berlin-Charlottenburg, Uhlandtstrasse 46

Mag. pharm. Martin Tyndel himself was able to escape from Vienna in time and first went to his parents in Berlin and emigrated from there to Palestine [Israel] in September 1938 with his youngest brother Joseph, who was just able to graduate from high school in Berlin in 1938. In November 1938 Martin Tyndel received a pharmacist's license in Jerusalem from the British Mandate Administration, and later lived and worked as a pharmacist in Tel Aviv, Israel.
In February 1945 he lived with his wife Lina Tyndel at 73, Ben Yehuda Street, Tel Aviv, and together they founded "Paldrug" The Palestine Drug Importers Co. which specialized in importing, exporting, manufacturing and trading of medicines, chemical and pharmaceutical products, surgical instruments and hospital supplies.

He died, only 55 years old, on August 6th, 1970 in Tel Aviv, Israel.


Lit.: Archive of the University of Vienna/enrollment forms ("Nationale") PHIL 1933-1938; RA GZ 722-II ex 1937/38 ONr. 1; POSCH/INGRISCH/DRESSEL 2008, 491; SAUER/REITER-ZATLOUKAL 2010, 349; information from Dr. Barbara Sauer, Vienna 03/2019 and from Dr. Gregor Gatscher-Riedl, Perchtoldsdorf 06/2021; "Stolpersteine" for Samson, Theodora and Erich Tyndel, Berlin; www.genteam.at; www.geni.com; Paelstine Gazette of December 15th, 1938 and April 4th, 1945.


Herbert Posch


Dokumente

Nationale of Martin Tyndel, spring term 1938 (1st form front), Photo: H. Posch (c) Universitätsarchiv WienNationale of Martin Tyndel, spring ...
Nationale of Martin Tyndel, spring term 1938 (1st form back), Photo: H. Posch (c) Universitätsarchiv WienNationale of Martin Tyndel, spring ...
Nationale of Martin Tyndel, spring term 1938 (2nd form front), Photo: H. Posch (c) Universitätsarchiv WienNationale of Martin Tyndel, spring ...
Nationale of Martin Tyndel, spring term 1938 (2nd form back), Photo: H. Posch (c) Universitätsarchiv WienNationale of Martin Tyndel, spring ...



zuletzt aktualisiert am 24.01.2022

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