Following the advent of the National Socialist regime in the year 1938, more than 2,700 mostly Jewish affiliates of the University of Vienna were dismissed and subsequently driven away and/or murdered - lecturers, students and administration employees. Furthermore, over 200 people were stripped of their academic titles.
In 2008, 70 years after the so-called "Anschluss" [annexation] and the pogroms of what came to be cynically called the "Kristallnacht" [Crystal Night], the University of Vienna commemorates this injustice and  ...


Max Schwarz

  • Born: 09-06-1917
  • Faculty: Faculty of Medicine
  • Category: expelled student

Max SCHWARZ, born on September 6th, 1917 in Vienna/Austria (attested residency ('heimatberechtigt') as Vienna/Austria, Citizenship: Austria), youngest son of Marcus Hersch Schwarz (railway official) and Cili Schwarz, née Krumholz vel Fuehrer, lived in the municipal building "Herweghhof" in Vienna's 5th district, Margaretenguertel 82/II/5. He had passed the high school leaving examination (Reifepruefing/Matura) in 1936 at Elisabethgymnasium in Vienna's 5th district, Rainergasse 39, began to study medicine at the University of Vienna in the fall term of 1936/37 and was last enrolled at the Medical Faculty in the 2nd year of his studies in the fall term of 1937/38 (fall term 1937/38 was validated on February 9th, 1938)

In 1938, after the National-Socialism takeover of power, he was forced to quit his studies for racist reasons and to leave the University of Vienna.

Max Schwarz had to flee Vienna and was able to emigrate to Great Britain, living among other places in Kingston, Surrey, but was interned there on June 25, 1940 as an "enemy alien - refugee from Nazi oppression" (Kitchener Camp, Richborough, Sandwich, Kent), and was arrested. With about 2,600 interned German and Austrian refugees and prisoners of war, he was deported on July 10th, 1940 from Liverpool/England on board the HMT SS "Dunera" under inhumane conditions to Sydney/Australia where they arrived in September 1940 and were interned again in camps around Tatura, Victoria and Hay, NSW (New South Wales).
Max Schwarz arrived at the camp near Hay on September 6th, 1940, and in mid of May 1941 he was transferred to Camp 2 Tatura, Victoria. In 1942, like all other Jewish refugees, he was declared a "friendly alien" and in May 1943, he joined the Labor Battalion at Royal Park (8th Australian Labor Company of the Australian Military Forces / 8th Australian Employment Company) where he and his friend Ulrich Laufer then worked in road construction and unloading ship cargo at Port Melbourne and transporting goods between trains in the marshalling yards of the New South Wales / Victoria border towns of Albury and Tocumwal.
During local leave between Christmas and New Year's Day, Private Max Schwarz and Private Ulrich Laufer drowned when they tried to cool off from the Australian heat in the nearby Murray River, near Tocumwal, NSW/Australia on December 30th, 1943. Both were buried at the Tocumwal General Cemetery NSW/Australia.

Lit.: Archive of the University of Vienna/enrollment forms ("Nationale") MED 1937-1938; National Australian Archives (NAA)/MP1103/1 (POW/internee), NAA/MP1103/2 (internment report), NAA/B884 (service record); POSCH/INGRISCH/DRESSEL 2008, 472; information from Christine Kanzler and Elisabeth Lebensaft, Project "Dunera-Boys", Vienna 12/2015, and of Peter M. Allen, Australia 03/2021 & 10/2021,,

Herbert Posch


Nationale of Max Schwarz, fall term 1937/38 (1st form front), Photo: H. Posch (c) Universitätsarchiv WienNationale of Max Schwarz, fall term...
Nationale of Max Schwarz, fall term 1937/38 (1st form back), Photo: H. Posch (c) Universitätsarchiv WienNationale of Max Schwarz, fall term...

zuletzt aktualisiert am 28.11.2021

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