Preamble

Following the advent of the National Socialist regime in the year 1938, more than 2,700 mostly Jewish affiliates of the University of Vienna were dismissed and subsequently driven away and/or murdered - lecturers, students and administration employees. Furthermore, over 200 people were stripped of their academic titles.
In 2008, 70 years after the so-called "Anschluss" [annexation] and the pogroms of what came to be cynically called the "Kristallnacht" [Crystal Night], the University of Vienna commemorates this injustice and  ...

person

Erwin Deutsch (Deutsch-Kempny)

  • Born: 04-12-1917
  • Faculty: Faculty of Medicine
  • Category: expelled student

Erwin DEUTSCH (DEUTSCH-KEMPNY), born on April 12th, 1917 in Klagenfurt, Carinthia/Austria (entitled residency ('heimatberechtigt') for Klagenfurt/Carinthia, Citizenship: Austria), son of Ing. Julius Deutsch (senior railway official, deceased) and Maria Deutsch (Klagenfurt). In 1935 he graduated from high school ("Reifeprüfung/"Matura") in Klagenfurt and started to study medicine at the University of Vienna in fall term 1935/36. First he lived in a dormitory in Vienna's 8th district, Pfeilgasse 4, later in Vienna's 7th district, Siebensterngasse 2/I/15. He was enrolled in spring term 1938 at the Medical School in the 3rd year of his studies.

After the takeover of power by National Socialism ("Anschluss") in March 1938, he was considered a "Mischling I. Grades" and was only able to continue his studies to a limited extent and provisionally with revocation at any time.
In contrast to many others, he managed to continue his studies until the first trimester of 1940. He was also able to complete his studies on March 1st, 1940 and was appointed "Dr. med. univ." But at the same time he was banned from his profession and his doctor's diploma was provided with a "blocking clause" that he was "not entitled to practice medicine in the German Reich".

Nevertheless, he managed to work at various hospitals in Germany and after the end of National Socialism in 1946 he returned to Vienna and to the 1st Medical University Clinic as an X-ray specialist and internist and temporarily took over its X-ray ward. This was followed by several research stays in the USA and in 1952 he was able to habilitate at the University of Vienna with research on the recognition of inhibitory haemophilia and established a haemophilia centre at the Vienna General Hospital (AKH).
He was married to Alma Deutsch (1922-1989).

Dr. Erwin Deutsch became particularly well known for his work on blood coagulation, especially for his research on the recognition of inhibitory hemophilia, and he was also a co-founder of internal intensive care medicine in Austria.

On June 16th, 1964 he was appointed full professor of internal medicine and head of the 1st Medical University Clinic in Vienna from 1964 to 1987. He was represented in the highest medical expert committees of Austria and organized many congresses, including the only congress of the International Society of Thrombosis and Haemostasis (ISTH) in 1973.

In 1966 he founded the Austrian Haemophilia Society (OeHG) and was a member of numerous scientific associations such as the New York Academy of Science, the American College of Physicians, the Austrian Academy of Sciences (1973 w.M.), the German Academy of Natural Scientists Leopoldina in Halle/Saale (o.M.) and the German Society for Intensive Care Medicine.

Erwin Deutsch has received many honours (including the Prize of the City of Vienna for Natural Sciences (1968), the Golden Medal of the City of Klagenfurt (1974), an honorary doctorate from the Justus Liebig University in Giessen (1977), the Grand Silver Medal of Honour for Services to the Republic of Austria (1981), the appointment of "Prof. Deutsch Gasse" in Klagenfurt (1995), …). He wrote over 400 scientific papers and published numerous books, including Die Hemmkörperhaemophilie (1948), Blutgerinnungsfaktoren (1955), Blutgerinnung und Operation (1973), Laboratoriumsdiagnostik (1990).

The Austrian Society for Internal Medicine and General Intensive Care Medicine founded an award named after Erwin Deutsch, which is awarded annually to support young scientists in the field of internal intensive care medicine.

The University Library of the Medical University of Vienna holds his extensive collection of about 20,000 separate prints on the topics of haematology, internal medicine, kidney, thrombosis from the 1950s to the 1990s.

Prof. Dr. Dr. h.c. Erwin Deutsch-Kempny died on July 15th, 1992 in Vienna and is burried at the Vienna Central Cemetery.


Lit.: Archive of the University of Vienna/enrollment forms ("Nationale") MED 1937-1940; graduation registry ("Promotionsprotokoll") MED 1929-41 Nr. 5090, Medical School GZ 1115 ex 1939/40; TRAGL 2007; POSCH/INGRISCH/DRESSEL 2008, 373; REITER-ZATLOUKAL/SAUER 2020; find a grave in Vienna; austria-forum; wien-wiki; notabilitiy Klagenfurt.


Herbert Posch


Dokumente

Nationale of Erwin Deutsch, fall term 1937/38 (1st form front), Photo: H. Posch (c) Universitätsarchiv WienNationale of Erwin Deutsch, fall te...
Nationale of Erwin Deutsch, fall term 1937/38 (1st form back), Photo: H. Posch (c) Universitätsarchiv WienNationale of Erwin Deutsch, fall te...
Nationale of Erwin Deutsch, spring termn 1938 (1st form front), Photo: H. Posch (c) Universitätsarchiv WienNationale of Erwin Deutsch, spring ...
Nationale of Erwin Deutsch, spring termn 1938 (1st form front), Photo: H. Posch (c) Universitätsarchiv WienNationale of Erwin Deutsch, spring ...
Nationale of Erwin Deutsch, fall term 1938/39 (1st form front), Photo: H. Posch (c) Universitätsarchiv WienNationale of Erwin Deutsch, fall te...
Nationale of Erwin Deutsch, fall term 1938/39 (1st form front), Photo: H. Posch (c) Universitätsarchiv WienNationale of Erwin Deutsch, fall te...
Erwin Deutsch, enrollment form medical school, spring term 1940 (front), © Archive of the University of ViennaErwin Deutsch, enrollment form medi...
Erwin Deutsch, enrollment form medical school, spring term 1940 (back), © Archive of the University of ViennaErwin Deutsch, enrollment form medi...
Erwin Deutsch, medical graduation register ("Promotionsprotokoll") 1929-1941, Nr. 5090 © Archive of the University of Vienna M 33.13Erwin Deutsch, medical graduation r...
Erwin Deutsch mentioned in a list of graduated "Mischlinge", © Archive of the University of ViennaErwin Deutsch mentioned in a list o...



zuletzt aktualisiert am 12.08.2020

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