Preamble

Following the advent of the National Socialist regime in the year 1938, more than 2,700 mostly Jewish affiliates of the University of Vienna were dismissed and subsequently driven away and/or murdered - lecturers, students and administration employees. Furthermore, over 200 people were stripped of their academic titles.
In 2008, 70 years after the so-called "Anschluss" [annexation] and the pogroms of what came to be cynically called the "Kristallnacht" [Crystal Night], the University of Vienna commemorates this injustice and  ...

person

Elfriede Wertheimer

  • Born: 01-15-1919
  • Faculty: Faculty of Medicine
  • Category: expelled student

Elfriede WERTHEIMER, born on January 15th, 1919 in Vienna/Austria (entitled residency ('heimatberechtigt') for Stockerau/Lower Austria, Citizenship: Austria), daughter of Dr. Max (physician) and Rosa Wertheimer, née Wallisch. In 1938 she lived in Viennas' 2nd district, Obere Donaustraße 45a/II/1/20.

She had attended grammar school and high school in Stockerau, where her father was the community physician 1920-1934 ("Gemeindearzt") and a general practitioner until the "Anschluss", and graduated from high school in 1936. Elfriede Wertheimer was enrolled finally in the spring term 1938 at the Medical School in the 2nd year of her studies, but was not allowed to finish her studies for racist reason (Leaving Certificate ('Abgangszeugnis') was issued on July 18th, 1938).

She had to flee from Vienna and could achieve a visa for the USA, but she did not use it because she was not able to also get visas for her parents. So the whole family stayed in Austria, they were forced to move to Vienna into a so called "Judenwohnung" and lived for a time in Viennas' 8th district, Pfeilgasse 8. Her father Dr. Max Wertheimer has already been deported on February 15, 1941 to the camp Opole, a small town south of Lublin and presumably murdered there. The next year Elfriede and her mother Rosa Wertheimer were deported on October 1, 1942 from Viennas' 2nd district, Rembrandtstraße 14/14 to Theresienstadt [Terezín/Czech Republic] and on to the concentration camp Auschwitz [Oświęcim/Poland] on January 23, 1943 and were murdered there.

Lit.: DÖW 2001; www.yadvashem.org [März 2006]; INSTITUT THERESIENSTÄDTER INITIATIVE/DÖW 2005, 413; Arnberger/Kuretsidis-Haider 2011, 284; lettertothestars; Günter Sellinger, Das schwere Los der Familie „Wertheimer“, in: unsere Stadt Stockerau, 2009 Nov, 2; information from Mag. Barbara Sauer (Project "Medical Doctors in Austria 1938-1945. Deprivation of Rights, Expulsion, Murder")

 

Herbert Posch


Dokumente

Nationale of Elfriede Wertheimer, fall term 1937/38 (1st form front), Photo: H. Posch (c) Universitätsarchiv WienNationale of Elfriede Wertheimer, f...
Nationale of Elfriede Wertheimer, fall term 1937/38 (1st form front), Photo: H. Posch (c) Universitätsarchiv WienNationale of Elfriede Wertheimer, f...
Nationale of Elfriede Wertheimer, spring termn 1938 (1st form front), Photo: H. Posch (c) Universitätsarchiv WienNationale of Elfriede Wertheimer, s...
Nationale of Elfriede Wertheimer, spring termn 1938 (1st form front), Photo: H. Posch (c) Universitätsarchiv WienNationale of Elfriede Wertheimer, s...



zuletzt aktualisiert am 15.01.2018

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